What is a Health Impact Assessment?
A Health Impact Assessment (HIA) is a process that uses available data, health expertise, and public input to identify the possible health effects of a proposed change. HIAs are used to assess proposals, such as new development projects or legislative policies, and to produce recommendations that minimize health risks and maximize health benefits.
Steps of a Health Impact Assessment:
- Screening: Determine whether the HIA is likely to add value and influence decision-making.
- Scoping: Create objectives for the HIA, in consultation with stakeholders, and outline the process to identify potential health risks and benefits.
- Assessment: Describe the current health of people and groups affected by the proposed change and predict the potential health effects if the change were to occur.
- Recommendations: Produce practical solutions and strategies that can be implemented within the political, economic, or technical limitations of the proposed change.
- Reporting: Share the findings with decision makers, affected communities, and other stakeholders.
Air Quality Monitoring
Air quality monitoring will occur in coordination with the HIA. This information will be used in the assessment phase of the HIA to describe existing conditions and to assist in estimating potential health impacts.